Tips to Flies:

Pattern: BWO Emerger/Cripple

Pattern: Midge emerger 7/18/17  *New* 

Pattern: Sulpher emerger.  7/4/17 * New*

Pattern: Apple Caddis adult            

Pattern: Beadhead caddis pupa.    

Pattern: Caddis Larva patterns:  
Pattern: Tan Caddis emerger Pattern:   



Photo right, Beaverkill March brown




Midges, The smallest of flies, the "no-see-ums" is a very important food to the trout when there is no food and when a midge hatch is prolific.  In the Catskill the East branch of the Delaware is a very good Midge river, this time of the year and over the winter.  I like the Zebra midge for sub-surface fishing using a dropper method I will use a black Zebra midge #20 or smaller off an Iso or a attractor fly.  But fishing it as a dry I like the pattern shown.  It's a emerger and it works!  It works on the willowemoc, Beaverkill, the East branch of the Delaware and the Farmington River.  I like the colors of Black, Olive and Cream.
 A simple tie:  The midge emerger,

Hook: LT, scud, 20-26
Thread:  12/0  color of your choice
Shuck:  Amber
Thorax:  Peacock herl
Hackle:  Grizzly
Body:  Thread, slightly tapered

 Sulpher Emerger:  Summertime is Sulpher time!  Sometimes a pickey trout can key on a certain aspect of a nymphs emergence.  I tie a variety of cripples or  emergers  before they become a dun.  I use dry fly hooks to curved hooks.  Here is one of my favorites that works well on all rivers!

Hook:  Dry fly #16-18.
Shuck:  Brown Z-lon
Body:  One or two turkey tail fibers
Thorax:  Tie a variety of colors, Orange, yellow, pale yellow.
Legs:   Partridge or dyed mallard
Wing case:  I use white poly.

Blue Wing Olive emergers:
Blue wing Olives are pretty much found all year long on Rivers or streams.  They come in all sizes and colors, from Brown Olive, Olive Gray, Olive to chocolate.  I Always carry a box of Olives to the water all year long, unlike other Mayflies  that I may only see for a few weeks. I carry Olives in all patterns, but more so in emergers.  Why "vulnerability"  Trout like the easiest of meals, for me a emerger is that fly.  A fly that is determined to get to the surface to sprout wings.  So I tie a lot of BWO's with trailing shucks.  But I want to be different than a lot of store bought flies. I want a fly that the trout doesn't see to often.  Here below are two photo's of patterns I use that are easy to tie and effective.
 Blue wing Olive emerger:  Top photo, Here I twist the Z-lon to segment the body.

Hook: Lt. Scud #20
Thread: 8/0 Olive
Shuck: Olive Z-lon
Body:  Continuation of the Olive Z-lon, twisting it as you wrap.
Wing:  2/3 Dun CDC
Thorax:  Olive dubbing 

Bottom Photo:  BWO cripple

Hook: Dry fly #20
Thread:  8/0 Olive
Shuck:  Brown Z-lon
Body:  Thread
Wing:  Dark to medium Dun Z-lon
Hackle: Medium Dun
Thorax: Olive super fine

Note on all flies, I tie each of these patterns in different shades of color to match the Olives, In bottom photo I also tie them in Adams gray to dark brown, just using the thread to match.

Remember you can tie these patterns to match any type Olive in Hook size #14-22. Just dress the fly properly in proportions.

Adult Apple Caddis:  One of my favorite hatches of the year!  When the Apple Caddis emerges on the heavy side it's like being in a snow storm. The Apple caddis has white wings and a Bright green body almost Chartreuse in color, the Thorax area is Ginger in color.  Most times I fish the pupa, but towards the end of the hatch the adult pattern works very well. The Apple caddis hatch can occur around the time of the Hendricksons, maybe the first or second week of May.

Hook:  16 or 14 dry fly hook
Thread:  Light brown
Body:  Chartreuse super fine
Wings:  Cream CDC 3/4 feathers curved down
Hackle: Lt. Ginger

 Caddis Larva patterns:


  The end of June beginning of July I start thinking small flies, Sulphers and Olives and Caddis.  The Beaverkill is in my opinion more of a caddis river than mayfly. When it comes to nymphing I go no bigger than a size #16 nymph I want small stuff, small pheasant tails, small hares ear and small Caddis Larva nymphs.  I do really well with this caddis larva pattern as seen below. A  simple tie, takes two minutes.  I tie them in different colors with different color beadheads.  I use them in tandem rigs as two nymphs or I use them as a dropper off of a Stimulator or a bigger Mayfly such as a Iso or Cahill.  They Produce in the Catskills as well as the Farmington!  

 Caddis Larva Pattern:

      "Peacock"                                        "Caddis Green"                                      "Olive"


Hook #16 2 X heavy scud                          Same                                                  Same


Bead-head:  3/32 or 5/64  copper            Black                                                  Black


Thread:  8/0 brown                             8/0 Chartreuses                                 8/0 Chartreuses


Rib:    X small copper wire                  X small silver wire                             X small silver wire


Body:  Peacock Ice dub                     Caddis Green Ice dub                          Olive Ice Dub


Thorax:  Peacock Ice  dub                 Black peacock Ice dub                      Black peacock Ice dub


Note:   You can make these patterns in sizes #12 & 14's, just compensate for weight and ribbing.


Beadhead Caddis Pupa:
When it comes to nymphing for caddis Hatches I like a lot of motion, so I use soft hackles in different colors, I use ostrich or Peacock herl, and a buggy dubbing.  For my bodies I like segmentation. Lately I have been twisting my bodies with Z-lon, Antron or Floss. I like to use ribbing such as Pearl crystal  flash for effect.  I have done well with this pattern as the trailer of a tandem rig when nymphing two nymph's.  This pattern is used when I think or see caddis emerging and the trout are not yet on top.

Hook:  Heavy scud, #16-12, photo is a #14
Bead:  Match the hook size, here it's 3/32 gold
Thread:  Match your dubbing, here it's Uni brown 8/0
Shuck: Amber Z-lon
Body:  Green floss,  Build a tapered body with floss, then twist it with hackle pliers.
Ribbing:  Pearl crystal flash
Thorax:  Brown or black Ostrich herl.
Wing:  Soft Hackle, Hen or Partridge, Photo is Cream Hen hackle
Head:  Life cycle brown

Tan Caddis Emerger:
I finally found a Tan Caddis emerger that works very well on the West Branch of the Delaware.  Through some time and testing I came up with this pattern.  It also works very well everywhere else.  I basically no longer use a adult pattern, or a Caddis X when the hatch is on.  I like this pattern for it offers a different look, plus with legs, shuck, bubble, and the CDC thorax there is a lot of realism and motion to fool the most educated trout. I like the bleached young elk hair as my indicator, which in turn can represent the wing. This is very similar to my Apple caddis.
Hook: #16 light scud or emerger
Thread: Tan 8/0 uni
Shuck:  Sparkle emerger yarn Amber
Body:  tan caddis fine dubbing
Bubble: White or Tan Zelon, note, I tye in the bubble leaving excess of about an inch over the eye of the hook, before placing the elk in as a wing . I split the excess bubble and bring them along the sides of the body, as if the bubble is coming off and or gives some sort of impression of wings. 
Wing: bleached yearling elk
Legs: Partridge
Thorax:  Trouthunter- CDC dubbing light brown.

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