Tips to Flies:

Pattern: Midge emerger

Pattern:  Haresear nymph,

Pattern:  Ausable Wulff, "New" 2/28/17

Pattern: Screaming Banshee:  

Pattern: Marabou Streamer

Article:  Observation/understanding 

Pattern: Snowshoe Sulpher emerger:   

Pattern: Snowshoe emerger       

Pattern: Caddis beadhead:  
Pattern: Tan Caddis emerger Pattern:   



Photo right, Beaverkill March brown




Snowshoe Sulpher emerger:  All I can say it's buoyant!  It floats like a cork, holds up better than CDC.  You can tie this pattern to match your hatch. 

Hook:  14-18 dry
Thread:  Yellow to cream 8/0
Shuck:  Brown Z-lon
Dubbing:  Pale yellow superfine
Wing:  Cream snowshoe

Snowshoe Emerger:  As I mentioned it floats like a cork, so the wing and a spikey dubbing makes a great emerger for both caddis and Mayfly.  Here is one pattern that has proven itself!

Hook:  18-12 Lt. scud
Thread:  Brown 8/0
Shuck:  Brown Z-lon
Body:  Davie McPhail Sunburst, But and spikey brown will do
Wing:  Medium Snowshoe

 Ausable Wulff, a Fran Betters Fly
-Ausable Wulff,  One of my favorite attractor patterns.  I will fish it alone or as a tandem rig as my indicator fly.  Fran Betters gets the Credit for the Ausable Wulff "Adirondack Wulff" and I am sure millions of Anglers have caught fish on it!  But It was Lee Wulff who designed the Wulff patterns in the 1930's. So here shown is Fran's fly.

Hook: 14- 12 dry fly
Thread: 8/0 Orange
Tail:  Wood chuck or Barred deer- hair
Wing:  White Calf tail
Body:  Australian possum or  Rusty Orange hares ear.
Hackle:  Brown and Grizzly, one being one size bigger than the other.  

Haresear Nymph:  One of my favorite nymphs, it's buggy looking and offers a lot of motion.  You can tie it with a bead or not.  A nymph worth having in the box!

Hook: 14-10 wet/nymph
Thread Brown 8/0
Tail:  Brown Hackle fibers
Body: hares mask
Rib": Gold wire, small
Wing case:  Mallard
Legs: Partridge 
Charlie Cravens, Screaming Banshee:
Every once in a while I browse the Web looking for some different patterns.  I came across this pattern last winter and tied a few.  It works, not only as a emerging Caddis but also as a spent Caddis.  You can easily change colors!

Tan Caddis:

Hook:  16-12 scud
Thread:  Tan 8/0
Front tips: Yearling Elk, bleached
Body:  Pearl tinsel
Thorax:  Brown dubbing
Wing:  Bleached Yearling Elk

Now:  It's a two part Elk wing, so tie in the tips just over the eye of hook.  Keeping the hair long divide and cut off half and also trim out short hair.  Now tie the hair back down to the bend of the hook, secure it and leave it.  Next tie in your body and wrap forward. Next add your thorax.  Next add more Elk just like doing a elk wing caddis, place it right in front of the thorax, tie in, cut out butts.  Next divide the Elk hair wing evenly, then Pull up the butts of the hair you left like making a wing case. Tie in and whip finish.  Below are some photo's to help guide you!

Above Photo:  Top of Screaming Banshee.

Below Photo:  Underneath view of Screaming Banshee.

Midges, The smallest of flies, the "no-see-ums" is a very important food to the trout when there is no food and when a midge hatch is prolific.  In the Catskill the East branch of the Delaware is a very good Midge river, this time of the year and over the winter.  I like the Zebra midge for sub-surface fishing using a dropper method I will use a black Zebra midge #20 or smaller off an Iso or a attractor fly.  But fishing it as a dry I like the pattern shown.  It's a emerger and it works!  It works on the willowemoc, Beaverkill, the East branch of the Delaware and the Farmington River.  I like the colors of Black, Olive and Cream.
 A simple tie:  The midge emerger,

Hook: LT, scud, 20-26
Thread:  12/0  color of your choice
Shuck:  Amber
Thorax:  Peacock herl
Hackle:  Grizzly
Body:  Thread, slightly tapered

Marabou Streamers, In the fall I love to fish streamers, in all honesty I prefer streamers over nymphing as I like the whack of the hit on the streamer.  Marabou or Deer hair are my choices for wings, as these materials move so easily in the water, as I always said, motion equals realism.  Plus with Marabou it is easy to experiment with colors.  Shown is Dennis Skarka Baby brown trout.  I like to use size 8 or 6 3X long hooks, the reason is that I usually fish with a 4 or 5 wt, rod,  with these size streamers the rod handles them easily.  Another advantage to small streamers you can fish them as a tandem rig, two streamers  separated by some 3X, either the same streamer or two different ones.  So in the Fall or high off color water fish a streamer, remember big fish eat little fish!
Photo below:  Is a pattern that has characteristics of the Black ghost and maybe a few others, but experimenting with Marabou I found these colors work all year long.  I call it the Baitfish.  

  Thread:  Black 8/0
  Hook:    8 3X long
  Body:    Black floss
  Rib:      Silver tinsel
  Throat: Yellow calf tail
  Wing:   Under- white Marabou
             Over- Olive Marabou

   Observation & Understanding

  On Sunday mornings in Roscoe my favorite breakfast place is closed.  I usually then stop at the local supermarket and buy a cup of coffee and a healthy breakfast of Vanilla Zingers!  I travel over to Dette pool sit on the rocks and gaze at the Willowemoc to put me in the frame of mind of trout fishing before entering the fly shop.  I sit sip my coffee while searching for a trout to rise or to see what bugs maybe returning or hatching on the water.

  When I come to the water’s edge I usually spend a few minutes to a half an hour observing, looking for rising trout, it’s all about what the trout is doing, what he is eating.  I spend some time looking for these signs which are important. 

  But how much time do you spend observing the bugs?  How much information do you know about the habitat they like.  Frank Sawyer in his book “Nymphs and the trout” mentions the more you know about the bugs and their behavior the stronger you will be as a fly-fisherman.  I agree with this whole heartedly. 

  That morning sitting there on the rock sipping my coffee while   gazing upon the water, I turned my attention to the Japanese knotweed next to me, on a dew wet leaf I saw a tiny Trico.  I said to myself this could be a Trico morning for the trout later.  I grabbed my cell phone to take a photo of the male Trico dun as I do with a lot of other bugs for fly tying reasons.  I took the photo and allowed my eyes back to the water, a few minutes later l searched back to the Trico Dun, when I noticed a white glaze over the abdomen, I thought this was not a male, it must be a female, so I took a photo.  Then I witnessed something amazing the Dun was a male and was going through the transformation of becoming a spinner.  I watched as he wiggled free from his Dun body to become the last segment of his life a spinner, now I have witness a thousand times a nymph becoming a dun, but I have never seen a Dun mayfly become a spinner.  The Trico was now free of his body and was now drying off his wings, he was now larger than when he was a Dun.

  My eyes then left the Trico spinner and went searching through the Japanese knotweed for more Trico’s and there they were.  Hanging upside down on leaves and right-side up. All the Trico’s in the bushes were all going through the same change from Dun to spinner.  My eyes went back to the original Trico and as my eyes found him, he leaves for the water, this was approximately 10 – 15 minutes after he became a spinner, then the rest of the Trico’s started to follow him, one by one they started for the riffles in hopes of mating with a female.  Now Trico’s emerge the day before and flock to the vegetation so this transformation happens very fast. 

  Now I have educated myself one step further in my fly-fishing knowledge, knowing more about the Trico’s. All this by sitting and observing beyond the water.  This makes me think how much more do I need to know about the bugs.  Ask yourself how do Stoneflies emerge?   What type of home does a specific Caddis specie builds?  How much movement does a small olive mayfly nymph make under the water while emerging?  All these questions have answers and by finding the answer will make you a stronger fly-fisherman.  Example, I mentioned to you about the Trico turning white, well it wasn’t that it was a female, and no it wasn’t a gas bubble at the start of transformation, it was caused by the expanding appendages of his bigger body, stretching out his outer layer of skin. 

  In closing the more, you know about insect behavior the better edge you will have as a fly-fisherman!


 Photo below:  Trico Dun
 Photo below:  Trico expanding his appendages to emerge
 Photo below:  Trico emerging
 Photo below:  The finished product, a Trico Spinner. 
Beadhead Caddis Pupa:
When it comes to nymphing for caddis Hatches I like a lot of motion, so I use soft hackles in different colors, I use ostrich or Peacock herl, and a buggy dubbing.  For my bodies I like segmentation. Lately I have been twisting my bodies with Z-lon, Antron or Floss. I like to use ribbing such as Pearl crystal  flash for effect.  I have done well with this pattern as the trailer of a tandem rig when nymphing two nymph's.  This pattern is used when I think or see caddis emerging and the trout are not yet on top.

Hook:  Heavy scud, #16-12, photo is a #14
Bead:  Match the hook size, here it's 3/32 gold
Thread:  Match your dubbing, here it's Uni brown 8/0
Shuck: Amber Z-lon
Body:  Green floss,  Build a tapered body with floss, then twist it with hackle pliers.
Ribbing:  Pearl crystal flash
Thorax:  Brown or black Ostrich herl.
Wing:  Soft Hackle, Hen or Partridge, Photo is Cream Hen hackle
Head:  Life cycle brown

Tan Caddis Emerger:
I finally found a Tan Caddis emerger that works very well on the West Branch of the Delaware.  Through some time and testing I came up with this pattern.  It also works very well everywhere else.  I basically no longer use a adult pattern, or a Caddis X when the hatch is on.  I like this pattern for it offers a different look, plus with legs, shuck, bubble, and the CDC thorax there is a lot of realism and motion to fool the most educated trout. I like the bleached young elk hair as my indicator, which in turn can represent the wing. This is very similar to my Apple caddis.
Hook: #16 light scud or emerger
Thread: Tan 8/0 uni
Shuck:  Sparkle emerger yarn Amber
Body:  tan caddis fine dubbing
Bubble: White or Tan Zelon, note, I tye in the bubble leaving excess of about an inch over the eye of the hook, before placing the elk in as a wing . I split the excess bubble and bring them along the sides of the body, as if the bubble is coming off and or gives some sort of impression of wings. 
Wing: bleached yearling elk
Legs: Partridge
Thorax:  Trouthunter- CDC dubbing light brown.

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